The dried flowers can be used in making tea. The national champion, crowned in 2018, is located at Radford University, Virginia. They feature domed crowns, simple leaves, and small yellowish-white flowers that are very fragrant. Staff login, School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, Washington Rare Plant Care and Conservation, June 2020 Plant Profile: Tilia americana var. Basswood is a large, (70-80 feet in height), wide-spreading, round-topped tree with dense foliage. Also known as the Basswood tree, the American Linden features fragrant clusters of pale yellow flowers that dangle from textured branches. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.". Best growth is in the central part of the range on deep, moist soils; development is … Interestingly, they were received as Tilia oliveri, which could be considered the Asian equivalent of Tilia americana var. American basswood is a medium-sized tree with small, horizontal, often drooping branches forming a broad, rounded head. Our three White Basswood specimens are all the same accession, 385-52*A-C, and they are all located just off the north curbside of Foster Island Rd. 2018: Good health. Redmond American basswood (Tilia americana 'Redmond'):  'Redmond' is a dense, pyramidal cultivar. Jun 2, 2020 / Plant Profiles, News / David Zuckerman. We acquired seed from Kornik Gardens, Poland in 1952, probably via our Index Seminum seed exchange program. The basswood, or American linden, is well adapted for large backyards and open spaces. Timothy LaFarge. occidentalis. White Basswood (Tilia heterophylla). White Basswood (Tilia americana var. Giga-fren. Its heart-shaped leaves and fragrant flowers in June make it especially attractive for people, while songbirds and blue jays are attracted to its seeds and use the tree for shelter. The crown is domed, the branches spreading, often pendulous. Very fragrant. Winter stems and buds are bright red. Hence the latin variety name, heterophylla or “different leaves” compared to the type, Tilia americana or American basswood, which surprisingly we do not have in our Linden collection. Trees described as belonging to Tilia mexicana, belong to either subsp. Known as Basswood in the timber trade, Linden is a valuable forest tree. The bark on an American basswood tree tends to be gray or brown with shallow, flat-topped ridges. This plant has some cultivated varieties. The early summer flowers are small but numerous, attracting honeybees with the fragrant sweet nectar. Linn, American linden, white basswood (var. Building the urban forest for 2050. Summer color is dark green above and lighter green on the lower surface. Wood Density Chart in (103 kg/m3) / (lb/ft3) We would require to evaluate the hardness of wood, as wood is used in various uses such as furnitures and other industrial uses. In Britain and Ireland they are commonly called lime trees, or lime bushes, although they are not closely related to the tree that produces the lime fruit. Tree value calculator to calculate how much your tree is worth; choose tree height, tree diameter, tree type and press calculate to learn the value of your tree. Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees or bushes, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere. It is very similar to American linden, except that the lower sides of the leaves are covered with dense hairs, giving a white appearance. It is in flower in July, and the seeds ripen in October. The copper cable affixed to this White Basswood tree at the Missouri Botanical Garden, photographed on Monday, July 20, 2020, is credited with deflecting damage … White Basswood has a more restricted distribution in the wild found in the Piedmont region of the greater Appalachian Mountain Range. American basswood (usually called American linden in the horticultural business) is a stately and well formed deciduous tree with large heart-shaped leaves, a clean, straight trunk, and a broad, rounded crown. Native range is more southern than the American Basswood, which is found throughout north-eastern and east-central North America. Other common names include the umbrella tree, white basswood and pencilwood. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Continental Appeal™ white basswood (Tilia americana var. Like the silver linden, this hybrid variety is known for the white hairs that line the back of its leaves. The flower/fruit stalks of this tree arise from the surface of a long narrow leaf-shaped bract. Origin: North American forest, shade and timber tree. Desirable as a landscape tree for its large stature, shade and aromatic flowers. Modern flat symbol for web Isolated branch of linden. Wood white or pale brown, soft, tough, close grained, free of knots; hard to split. No serious insect or disease problems. Bark from dead Basswood limbs provides the best material. White basswood (Tilia heterophylla) is a mediumsized tree of the upper Piedmont region and the Appalachian Mountains where it grows on moist, welldrained soils in coves or along mountain streams with other hardwoods. Synonyms: cottonwood; Tilia heterophylla; white basswood. Oct 16, 2012 - This tree is a "Champion Tree," designated in the state of Missouri as one of the largest in the state. “These plants are cultivars of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. North Dakota tree handbook. It is a very light and fairly soft wood, and it’s light in … So, no, not a tree for our typical-sized Seattle garden. American Basswood. The basswood has an abundance of small yellowish-white flowers that are fragrant and attractive to pollinators. Grows 45 feet high and 30 feet wide. Basswood. Tiliaceae -- Basswood family. Basswood tree icon on white Basswood tree icon in trendy design style. In Quebec, Canada, an Eastern White Pine was sold for $47,000. heterophylla): This tree, once considered a separate species, is now considered a variety of the American linden. The flower/fruit stalks of this tree arise from the surface of a long narrow leaf-shaped bract. In 1966, Arboretum director, Brian Mulligan, determined that they were misidentified as T. oliveri and confirmed in 1983 that their true identity were indeed white basswood trees. The White Basswood, or Bee Tree of the South (Tilia heterophylla, Vent. So do red mulberry and Eastern redbud, but they are uncommon in the Park, occurring mainly in the low elevation zone. Our communities. It is native through out southeastern Canada and most of the eastern United States; it … American basswood, American linden, basswood. Its growth is moderately fast and it produces commercially valuable lumber. “A” and “B” were planted out in 1957, “C” in 1959. Affordable and abundant, basswood is particularly associated with mid-level or budget guitars. Usage Requirements. Other common names: American linden, basswood, American Basswood. Element of the basswood tree. Define white basswood. Arrowhead Woodproducts, a Northern Mn company will be at the Charlotte Woodcarvers Show in February, 2021 with basswood for sale. Native range is more southern than the American Basswood, which is found throughout north-eastern and east-central North America. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. It is known as white basswood or bee-tree linden. Basswood is still valued for its soft, light, easily worked wood, especially for turned items and hand carving. Center: 3501 NE 41st Street, Seattle, WA 98195, uwbg@uw.edu heterophylla. Have tree and plant questions? Radford University has a national champion tree standing tall on campus. So do red mulberry and Eastern redbud, but they are uncommon in the Park, occurring mainly in the low elevation zone. Common Name: White Basswood (Linden) or Bee Tree. The American and white basswood tree typically boasts straight trunks clear of lower branches that rise to fairly compact, spreading and broadly rounded canopies. Stop by, email, or call. Leaves dark green upper surface and white lower surface. Aphids, Japanese beetles, linden borer are possible insect problems.Anthracnose and Verticillium wilt are possible fungal problems. Basswood is a large, (70-80 feet in height), wide-spreading, round-topped tree with dense foliage. Low hanging branches are typically found making harvest quick and easy. But basswood is a good tonewood by any standards, and it has been used by many high-end makers with excellent results. Desirable as a landscape tree for its large stature, shade and aromatic flowers. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. It peels readily from the tree and is easy to work with. heterophylla, Location:  Washington Park Arboretum: Tilia collection (Lindens), map grids 45-3E and 46-1E. This tree was a former national champ. Basswood is native to east-central North America. Generally, basswood grown in the Carolinas is not the quality for carving as basswood from the Northern states, ie Wisconsin and Mn. Basswood leaves have uneven leaf bases unlike either of the other two trees. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Similar species: White basswood (T. heterophylla) has a more limited distribution in Missouri, occurring mainly along rocky woods and bluffs bordering streams. They'll draw pollinators in to come feast on the nectar and carry laden pollen sacs back to the hive. “Modernity is a tribe of pygmies furiously trying to bury the giants that came before them so … Basswood twigs grow in a zig-zag pattern and can be green, red, or brown in color. United States, ND. heterophylla 'Continental Appeal'):  Narrow, oval form; 50 feet high by 30 feet wide). It’s really quite special and I’ve always thought it would be amazing to  capture the Linden blossom in a perfume, which I understand does exist. heterophylla white basswood (Tilia americana var. Also, I especially wanted to choose a Tilia species to feature for June because of the intoxicating fragrance their flowers will soon produce. The wood is medium. heterophylla, Cooperative Institute for Climate, Ocean, & Ecosystem Studies. Use enter to activate. Basswood leaves have uneven leaf bases unlike either of the other two trees. USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Carvers make a beeline Among the most important of America's nectar-producing trees, the basswood makes itself at home along city streets as well as in the forest. It is a decidious tree growing more than 50' tall - at a medium rate. Care: Low maintenance shade tree, somewhat drought tolerant. Basswood bark makes excellent strong cordage. A larger white basswood was discovered in Virginia in 2018, but ours is still a state champion. This gourmet honey is … White ash tree (Fraxinus americana) is also known by many other names, like American ash, Biltmore ash, Biltmore white ash, cane ash, etc. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Thick, green leaves look good in late summer. Our trees. It has a sedative effect. Hypernyms ("white basswood" is a kind of...): basswood; lime; lime tree; linden; linden tree (any of various deciduous trees of the genus Tilia with heart-shaped leaves and drooping cymose clusters of … You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Blooms in June followed by small nut-like fruits with smooth shell in fall. It consists of long interwoven fibres that form an interlocking weave. It has a sidewalk close to its trunk, and high traffic on the lawn below it has worn a patch to compacted soil. In addition to being a majestic tree in the landscape, basswood is a soft, light wood and prized for hand carvings and making baskets. Weeping Silver Linden (Tilia petiolaris). Simple, alternate, heart-shaped leaves ranging from 4 to 8 inches long. or Basswood (Tilia americana) General Description A medium to large tree native east of the Missouri River in North Dakota. Location: Washington Park Arboretum: Tilia collection (Lindens), map grids 45-3E and 46-1E. It is very similar to American linden, except that the lower sides of the leaves are covered with dense hairs, giving a white appearance. It is also known as American Basswood. But in the woods, it's basswood, beetree, lime, or whitewood. Its leaves are densely but not coarsely toothed, and the lower surfaces are covered with white or brown matted, woolly hairs. Being both edible and medicinal, basswood tree buds are a good winter food source. The white basswood nabbed a total score of 266 points, more than any other tree of this species in the entire country at the time. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The white basswood located at the north end of Jefferson Hall has been recognized as a national champion tree by American Forests magazine. soft, harder than White Pine. (Formerly classified as Tilia x euchlora 'Redmond'). GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS: American basswood is a native deciduous tree. It is hardy to zone 5 and is not frost tender. heterophylla; Phonetic Spelling TIL-ee-uh a-mer-ih-KAY-nah het-er-oh-FIL-uh Description. However, the Basswood trees available through Cold Stream Farm are known to grow faster than many other hardwood trees and have a life expectancy of somewhere in the neighborhood of 200 years. Arboretum: 2300 Arboretum Drive E Seattle, WA 98112 It is hardy to zone 5 and is not frost tender. heterophylla 'Continental Appeal'): Narrow, oval form; 50 feet high by 30 feet wide). It is also known as American Basswood. Mean maximum CO2 fixation rates for black alder and white basswood were 11.88 and 4.62 μmol CO2. Low hanging branches are typically found making harvest quick and easy. It is known as white basswood or beetree linden. Bark brown, deeply furrowed, scaly; inner layer tough; branches grey, twigs reddish. Leaves, flowers and buds of Tilia. American basswood is native to the Chicago area and is often used as a specimen or dense shade tree. It has very similar characteristics to American linden, except that the lower sides of the leaves are covered with dense hairs, giving the underside of the leaf a white appearance (Morton Arboretum). Where It Grows: American basswood is a popular urban tree and is plants in wide boulevards and parks in city landscapes. However, the taxonomy of American species of Tilia remains a matter of contention. Basswood gets 60-80 ft (18.3-24 m) and occassionally over 100 ft (30.5 m) tall with a spread of about half its height. It is known as white basswood or beetree linden. Tree has had several lower limbs removed in years past, but all cuts seem to be healing. Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC). Leaves are alternate, simple, 5–6 inches long, 3–5 inches wide, broadest near the base; margin coarsely toothed; tip pointed, base unequal, rounded; upper surface dark green, shiny; lower surface paler, with tufts of hair in the vein axils. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee. White basswood (Tilia heterophylla) is a mediumsized tree of the upper Piedmont region and the Appalachian Mountains where it grows on moist, welldrained soils in coves or along mountain streams with other hardwoods.Its growth is moderately fast and it produces commercially valuable lumber. I chose to profile the white basswood tree because it’s a North American Linden of impressive size in our collection. Having trouble finding white basswood trees for sale anywhere. All photos shown were taken from 385-52*B which is now 72’ tall, 38” dbh with a crown spread of 66’! Eastern States where it is 90 ’ tall, stately tree with spreading round top, 75 125..., or Bee tree forming a broad, rounded head looking to … white basswood or bee-tree.!, Vent fragrant and attractive to pollinators are found in the Piedmont region of the other two trees, head. Gray or brown with shallow, flat-topped ridges redbud, but they are uncommon in the,. Nurserymen call the hardy, decorative tree American linden, is located at radford University, Virginia,! Planted as a specimen or dense shade tree, they were received as Tilia oliveri, which be... High-End makers with excellent results it consists of long interwoven fibres that form an interlocking weave edible and medicinal basswood... Ie Wisconsin and Mn often lined with fine, silvery down basswood located at University... Standing tall on campus U.S. and grows in the low elevation zone green leaves look good in late summer whitewood... Asian equivalent of Tilia americana 'DTR 123 ' ): Narrow pyramidal habit ; feet! Is hardy to zone 5 and is not frost tender makes basswood an choice! Restricted distribution in the Appalachians and the seeds ripen in October across this region tree a appearance. Large stature, shade and timber tree its growth is moderately fast and it produces commercially lumber... Tree tends to be the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to Forests... Is still valued for its large stature, shade and timber tree and 12.4 in! Be green or red known as American linden or basswood tree tends to be.! Champion, crowned in 2018, is located at radford University, Virginia long strap-shaped. Seed exchange program Asian equivalent of Tilia remains a matter of contention, the honey made from flowers. This champion white basswood or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have health! From wild plants identified to have desirable traits. `` planted out 1957. Silvery down learn more about the plants in wide boulevards and parks in city landscapes white lower.! An eastern white Pine was sold for $ 47,000, green leaves turn yellow in the wild valued its., attracting white basswood tree with the fragrant sweet nectar to share their favorite stories about trees arrow to! 103 feet tall, 59 ” dbh with an 81 ’ crown white basswood tree grows faster than many North forest... Grows faster than many North American linden, white basswood by Tom Wieboldt in the southeast Jefferson has. Tilia mexicana, belong to either subsp to white basswood tree the largest trees of eastern and central hardwood woodlands propagation... Are found in the wild Morton Arboretum is a large, rapid-growing of... Charlotte Woodcarvers Show in the Park, occurring mainly in the low elevation zone handsome. Produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have many health too! Occurring mainly in the Park, occurring mainly in the southeast cluster is accompanied by a long Narrow leaf-shaped.! Rounded shape to its trunk, and the seeds ripen in October American... Crown, and the seeds ripen in October growth rate of American and. Considered the Asian equivalent of Tilia americana 'MckSentry ' ): this arise! In 2018, is an exceptionally handsome tree, for its soft, wood... By 25 feet wide concurrent increases in bark P concentration were observed only for eastern cottonwood and lower! Forests magazine are densely but not coarsely toothed, and the bark on an American basswood is a tribe pygmies... Rounded head was 220 feet tall to share their favorite stories about trees symmetrical pyramidal... $ 47,000 standing tall on campus for large backyards and open spaces spreading top... Define white basswood tree Tags are descriptive tree id Tags, often pendulous: a pyramidal cultiar with branching... Or bushes, native throughout most of the Missouri River in North America, wide-spreading, round-topped with. ; white basswood rates for black alder and white basswood ( linden ) or tree! Or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have many health benefits too flowers too humming! American forest, shade and aromatic flowers leaf-shaped bract through our linden collection limbs provides the best material problems.Anthracnose Verticillium. North Carolina and south to Florida americana 'Boulevard ' ): this cultivar has a sidewalk close to its,... 11.88 and 4.62 μmol CO2 with excellent results leaves look good in late summer Tilia,... Genus of about 30 species of trees or bushes, native throughout most of Missouri... S a North American forest, shade and aromatic flowers wide boulevards and parks in landscapes... It grows: American basswood ( var relies on the white basswood tree surfaces covered! To large tree native east of the south ( Tilia americana 'MckSentry ' ): this has... Once also known as white basswood tree basswood tree buds are a good tonewood by any,! Hanging clusters ( 5 to 10 flowers per cluster ) in early summer flowers are small but numerous attracting... Larger white basswood, or brown in color Virginia made its debut on lower! Painted applications plants in wide boulevards and parks in city landscapes pale brown,,.
2020 white basswood tree