Executions by firing squad. Abolished by constitution 2002. RELATED: Language and Religion Developed Simultaneously. Among the best-ranked countries in the report, which received a “free and … 16 (46%) have abolished capital punishment. Of the 54 independent states in Africa that are UN members: Many African countries have carried out no executions for over 10 years, but are not believed to have an abolitionist policy or established practice. The countries in the Americas that most recently abolished the death penalty are Suriname (2015), Argentina (2009), and Bolivia (2009). Currently, the large majority of countries have either abolished or discontinued the practice. After 1876, Emperor Pedro II adopted in practice an abolitionist policy through his prerrogative of Mercy as Head of State, by directing that all death sentences be submitted by the Courts to the Imperial Government for examination regarding commutation (even without a request for pardon or commutation from the person condemned), and by granting commutations for all death sentences that were passed. Pakistan is one of 13 countries where blasphemy is punishable by death. However, executions are carried out within the de facto autonomous Wa State. The death penalty for crimes under the. The resolution called on UN member states that still have the death penalty to, among other things, “ensure that it is not imposed as a sanction for specific forms of conduct such as apostasy, blasphemy, adultery and consensual same-sex relations”. May be imposed only in cases provided by military laws during a state of international war. [2][3][4][5][6][7][8] The use of capital punishment is usually divided into the four categories set out below. If the death penalty is prescribed for lesser crime, then it stands to reason that it should be imposed for the most "wicked". Death penalty abolished in revised 2009 criminal code. And Pakistan isn't alone in putting people to death for blasphemy. In the hundred years following the abolition of capital punishment by Venezuela in 1863 only 11 more countries followed, not counting temporary abolitions which were later reversed. If the death penalty is prescribed for lesser crime, then it stands to reason that it should be imposed for the most "wicked". Following an altercation with a Muslim women over water, Bibi insulted the prophet Muhammad, an infraction for which Bibi was convicted in 2010 and sentenced to death by hanging. Death penalty abolished November 2015 by Constitution. The countries that impose these penalties are Afghanistan, Iran, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Nigeria, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, United Arab Emirates and Yemen… 1 (3%) maintain the death sentence in both law and practice. Opinion polls state sentiment for governments to return to capital punishment remains high in many Caribbean countries and pressure on politicians to retain it factors high. Each of these countries have adopted Islamic law as the ideological foundation of the government. Protests erupted in Pakistan Wednesday after the country's Supreme Court acquitted a Christian woman who has been on death row for almost eight years on blasphemy charges. "The death penalty does not exist" (Article 15). Of the 43 independent countries in Asia that are UN member or observer states: The information above is accurate as of 2017[update], when Mongolia abolished the death penalty, and does not include Taiwan, which is not currently a UN member; Taiwan practises the death penalty by shooting, and conducted one execution in 2016 and one in 2018. According to the latest International Humanist and Ethical Union's Freedom of Thought report, 13 countries currently have laws on the books carrying a penalty of death for blasphemy or apostasy. Hanging, shooting. All other countries in this category have abolished capital punishment. In 1987, the Federal Shariah Court revised the law to declare that blasphemy was punishable only with death and that no lighter punishment could be awarded. The Pakistan Penal Code, the main criminal code of Pakistan, punishes blasphemy (Urdu: قانون توہین رسالت ‎) against any recognized religion, providing penalties ranging from a fine to death. Death penalty for murder; terrorism; participating in a mutiny; treason and espionage. In November 2010, Aasia Bibi became the first woman in Pakistan's history to be sentenced to death under the country’s “Blasphemy Law,” which carries a mandatory death penalty.No one has … In Saudi Arabia, which also puts people to death for "sorcery," usually by beheading, religious authorities issued a fatwa against Pokemon Go, decrying it as blasphemous. In 2019, Asia had the world's 5 leading practitioners of capital punishment – China, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Vietnam. Current laws allow capital punishment for. Quran (33:57) - "Verily, those who annoy Allah and His Messenger Allah has cursed them in this world, and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating torment" Afghanistan, Iran, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Nigeria, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, United Arab Emirates and Yemen are the relevant countries. Of the other former Soviet republics, only Belarus and Tajikistan have not formally abolished capital punishment, and only Belarus uses it in practice. 2009 and 2015 were the first two years in recorded history when Europe was completely free of executions. Other countries which have used the death penalty in blasphemy cases include Kuwait’s neighbor Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, according to Amnesty International. Death penalty for murder; rape; violent robbery; burglary; treason; housebreaking and military offenses. An other de facto autonomous region, Mong La (officially: Shan State Special region 4) on the Myanmar-Chinese border under the control of the National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA) is also reputed to carry out executions much like Wa State,[253] however information is less reliable as executions are not officially announced. According to Pew Research Center, about a quarter of the world's countries and territories (26%) had anti-blasphemy laws or policies as of 2014. Of the 49 independent states in Europe that are UN members or have UN Observer status: Abolition of death penalty is a pre-condition for entry into the European Union, which considers capital punishment a "cruel and inhuman" practice and "not been shown in any way to act as a deterrent to crime".[302]. Abolished in 1910 by Constitutional reform. In its latest intervention at the UN Human Rights Council, Humanists UK has commended Sudan for abolishing the death penalty for apostasy earlier this year, and called on other countries with the death penalty for apostasy or blasphemy to do likewise.However, Humanists UK has also called on Sudan to go further and decriminalise apostasy entirely, and to enhance women’s rights. Abolished March 1990 by Constitution. Note: The tables can be sorted alphabetically or chronologically using the icon. 2 (14%) permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 16:03. The new Code came into effect 6 months later, on 26 February 2009.[140][141]. Prohibited by the. Abolished for ordinary crimes 1997. A mere fatwa does not legitimate a death sentence. All of these countries, except Pakistan, allow for capital punishment against apostasy, while Pakistan imposes the death penalty for blasphemy – including a disbelief in God. Blasphemy killings. Only 30 executions have taken place in India since 1991, the last of the execution of four perpetrators of a gang rape and murder case on 20 March 2020. Death penalty for murder, treason, rape, and military offenses such as mutiny. [4] It was in the Kingdom of Tahiti (when the island was independent), in 1824, that for the first time in the world a legislative assembly abolished the death penalty, commuted into banishment. Defunct countries such as the GDR (East Germany), which abolished capital punishment in 1987 but was dissolved in 1990, are also not included. If Bibi's sentence is not overturned, she will be the first woman to be executed since blasphemy laws were enacted in Pakistan in the 1980s. Credit: Arif Ali/AFP/Getty Images. The absolute ban on the death penalty is enshrined in both the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU) and two widely adopted protocols of the European Convention on Human Rights of the Council of Europe, and is thus considered a central value. Article (312) of the United Arab Emirate penal code states something similar. In the Americas, 10 out of 35 countries (29%) had blasphemy laws, including the Bahamas, where the publication or sale of blasphemous material can … The last known executions in this region took place in Tonga in 1982. Note: The tables can be sorted alphabetically or chronologically using the icon. Executions by firing squad. The country lifted a moratorium on the death penalty in December 2014, after a Taliban attack killed 148 people, mostly schoolchildren. References are in the continental tables above and not repeated here. For more information see Capital punishment in Brazil. "It is shocking that the word 'evolution' has been much on the tongues of children," the fatwa read, according to a Reuters report. [16] Chad abolished capital punishment for all offences in 2020. Death penalty for murder; aggravated robbery; high treason. Death penalty for treason; terrorism; espionage; genocide; mutiny; desertion in times of war. Saudi Arabia is known globally for having the strictest laws. Although they may not carry a death sentence everywhere, blasphemy laws on the books in about a quarter (26 percent) of the world's countries and territories, according to Pew Research Center. In North Korea, the state utilizes the death penalty against high-level criminals and those suspected of committing "grave" offences. Death penalty for murder and treason. In 2012, Latvia became the last EU Member State to abolish capital punishment in wartime.[24]. 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