The origins of Tamil, like the other Dravidian languages are unknown, but unlike most of the other established literary languages of India, are independent of Sanskrit. Tamil Language Inscriptions in Thailand: Tamil Language Inscriptions in China - Dr.S.Jayabarathi: Ancient rock art dating back to 1500 B.C. The Tamil writing system evolved from the Brahmi script. Within Tamil Nadu there are phonological differences between the northern, western, and southern speech. Scholars have categorized the history of the language into three periods, Old Tamil (300 BCE - 700 CE), Middle Tamil … The four southernmost states of India- tamiz Nadu, kERaLa, karNAdaka, and Andra Pradesh- are predominantly linguistically Dravidian, each state carved out on the basis of predominance of the four major Dravidian languages. The human culture is started on this lost continent. A script known as Vatteluttu (“Round Script”) is also in common use. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Tamil trade with the ancient Greeks and Romans is verified by literary, linguistic, and archaeological evidence. Tamil is very much a living language and thousands of newspapers are still published in the language. Tamil has the oldest literature amongst the Dravidian languages. Its history can be traced back to the age of Tolkappiyam the earliest extant Tamil grammar generally to 500 B.C. The "national-type" school's medium of instruction is either in Tamil or Chinese. Modern Tamil, from the twelfth century down to the present day. It was ruled by several kings. Find out the history of Indian paintingKnow more, Find the list of National Symbols of IndiaKnow more, Statistical information of IndiaKnow more, Tourism information and packages for your holidayKnow more, Offers resourceful information for people new to AmericaKnow more, In this channel you will find immigration information in the USAKnow more, Overseas travel insurance offered by Indian companiesKnow more, International travel insurance offered by American companiesKnow more, Indian fables, Jataka tales, Hitopadesha, PanchatantraKnow more, It has resourceful information for people who are planning to return to IndiaKnow more. Tamil has the most ancient non-Sanskritised Indian literature among all Indian languages. Tamil is the oldest living language of India and the world. According to linguists like Bhadriraju Krishnamurti, Tamil, as a Dravidian language, descends from Proto-Dravidian, a proto-language. The poem “Sentamil Nadu” read by Ravishankar Balasubramani. The oldest text found in Tamil is Tolkāppiyam. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Tamil-language. Tamil culture, ethos and living traditions are strongly linked to a language known to us as Tamil. The earliest Tamil writing is attested in inscriptions and potsherds from the 5th century bce. However, It is much more than a language to people. Discover (and save!) From 700-1600 AD the language is known as Middle Tamil, and since 1600 the language has been known as Modern Tamil. The simple fact that the Tamil language is still in such wide use is as surprising as it is amazing. It is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the union territory of Puducherry. Regional varieties of the language intersect with varieties that are based on social class or caste. Spoken Tamil has changed substantially over time, including changes in the phonological structure of words. Mauritius: 72,089: Tamils are the first immigrants to Mauritius who … By the 5th century AD this scri… The Tamil language is spoken in southern India as well as north … It is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the union territory of Puducherry (Pondicherry). This group is dedicated to people who interested in Tamil Society, language and History of Tamilnadu. your own Pins on Pinterest Jan 2, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Prakasam Raja. It's not the oldest language in the world, but it is the oldest living language that's still b… The Tamil have the oldest cultivated Dravidian language, and their rich literary tradition extends … It was not an easy task to accomplish, keeping in view the changes taking place in the state. Omissions? Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Like the other Dravidian languages, Tamil is characterized by a series of retroflex consonants (/ḍ/, /ṇ/, and /ṭ/) made by curling the tip of the tongue back to the roof of the mouth. First language in the world. Tamil is the first language of Tamil Nadu and one of the official languages of the union territories - Pondicherry and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Tamil is also spoken by a significant minority in more than fifty five diaspora countries of the world including Malaysia and Mauritius.Malayalam, the native language of the neighbouring state of Kerala is considered as the closest major relative of Tamil and its resemblance to Tamil is so striking that it almost sounds like a variation of Tamil language. Tamil ranks 17th amongst the top twenty of the world’s most spoken languages. It is also an official language in Sri Lanka and Singapore and has additional speakers in Malaysia, Mauritius, Fiji, and South Africa. Spoken predominantly by Tamils in India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and Singapore, it has smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. Early Tamil, comprising the period between the sixth century before and the sixth century after Christ; Mediaeval Tamil, between the sixth century and the twelfth century; and. Tamil literature started to apper in 300 BC, and the language used until the 700 AD is known as Old Tamil. Estd. It belongs to the Dravidian group of languages. Tamil (தமிழ் tamiḻ) is one of the classical languages of India, the other one being Sanskrit Language.Tamil is one of the major languages of the Dravidian family of languages. Tamilnadu is a land of great leaders & celebrities who ruled or administrated the country effectively and also by protecting its national interest. Tamil er et ord med flere betydninger: Tamilsk, et dravidisk språk. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Language Logo Language Quotes Tamil Stories Gk Knowledge Lord Murugan Teaching Poetry Tamil Language … Linguistic reconstruction suggests that Proto-Dravidian was spoken around the third millennium BC, possibly in the region around the lower Godavari river basin in peninsular India. Tamil language is a member of the Dravidian/ South Indian family of languages. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Tamil is the official language of the state of Tamil Nadu, and also has official status in Sri Lanka and Singapore. Tamil Language, History and Literature . According to a survey, 1863 newspapers are published in the Tamil language only every day.. Vice Chancellor emeritus, University of Hyderabad. Structurally, Tamil is a verb-final language that allows flexibility regarding the order of the subject and the object in a sentence. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It is also varied. The major addition to the alphabet was the incorporation of Grantha letters to write unassimilated Sanskrit words, although a few letters with irregular shapes were standardized during the modern period. Updates? The material evidence suggests that the speakers of Proto-Dravidian were of the culture associated with the Tamil Language History. Christianity draws its followers (about 7 percent of the population) from among…. It is located south of present-day India in the Indian Ocean. Historical Leaders like Kamaraj, Rajaji, C.N Annadurai, M.G.R, Karunanidhi and J.Jayalalitha … Again, while more than 90 percent of the Sinhalese are Buddhists, both Sri Lankan and Indian Tamils are overwhelmingly Hindu. Bharatanatyam, tamilsk klassisk dans. Tamil is a classical language and one of the major languages of the Dravidian language family. The Tamil language is part of the Dravidian language family, which includes Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam. Historically, one of the main sources for loan words has been Sanskrit, an Indo-European language that is a sister language of Latin and Greek, and a parent language of Hindi, Bengali, and other northern Indian languages. It is still widely spoken and an official language in Singapore, Sri Lanka. Of the four literary languages in the Dravidian family, Tamil is the oldest, with examples dating to the early Common Era. It is also an official language in Sri Lanka and Singapore and has significant numbers of speakers in Malaysia, Mauritius, Fiji, and South Africa. Despite this diglossia, Tamil like all other languages, has received influence from other languages. History of the Tamil Language. In 2004 Tamil was declared a classical language of India, meaning that it met three criteria: its origins are ancient; it has an independent tradition, and it possesses a considerable body … The Council serves to promote the awareness and greater use of Tamil language among Singaporeans. In 2004 Tamil was declared a classical language of India, meaning that it met three criteria: its origins are ancient; it has an independent tradition; and it possesses a considerable body of ancient literature. Malaysian government recognize Tamil as a minority language along with Chinese. Tamiltigrene, en tamilsk separatistbevegelse på Sri Lanka. Tamil.He added mournfully, "I could do with that hot soup now"--and indeed he could: tamil language history video was clad at the time of the collision, he said, in trousers and singlet, both very thin on account of the intense heat in the stoke-hole; and although he had added a short jacket later, his teeth were chattering with the … Tamil has the oldest literature amongst the Dravidian languages (Hart, 1975), but dating the language and the literature precisely is difficult. Many of the poems [in Tamil] seem to belong to the post-Sangham Age. Tamil scholars categorize the history of the language into three periods, Old Tamil (300 BC - 700 CE), Middle Tamil (700 - 1600) and Modern Tamil (1600-present). The history of the Tamil language may conveniently be divided into three periods, namely: India, Singapore, Malaysia, Sri Lanka and several others. The Tamil have a long history of achievement; sea travel, city life, and commerce seem to have developed early among them. Tamil language, member of the Dravidian language family, spoken primarily in India. The origins of Tamil, like the other Dravidian languages but unlike most of the other established literary languages of India, are independent of Sanskrit. It is also one of the 23 nationally accepted languages in the Indian Constitution. Tamil has a long literary history, and is spoken by almost 90 million … Tamil language belongs to the southern branch of the Dravidian languages. Ltd. All rights reserved worldwide. Karnatisk musikk, tamilsk klassisk musikk. Epigraphic attestation of Tamil begins with rock inscriptions from the 3rd century BC, written in Tamil-Brahmi, an adapted form of the Brahmi script. Tamil has a literary tradition of … It aims to popularise the Tamil Language, particularly among the young, and to work with government agencies, educational … The major regional variation is between the form spoken in India and that spoken in Jaffna (Sri Lanka), capital of a former Tamil city-state, and its surrounds. The Muslims—adherents of Islam—usually speak Tamil. Tamil was originally written with a version of the Brahmi script known as Tamil Brahmi. It is thought to have been born before 500 BC, as Tamil-Brahmin inscriptions from 500 BC have been found on Adichanallur, an archaeological site in Tamil Nadu. Three periods have been distinguished through analyses of grammatical and lexical changes: Old Tamil (from about 450 bce to 700 ce), Middle Tamil (700–1600), and Modern Tamil (from 1600). In the early 21st century, Tamil was spoken by more than 66 million people, mostly residing in India, northern Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore,…, …Sinhalese is Sinhala—an Indo-Aryan language—the Tamils speak the Dravidian language of Tamil. Tamil Nadu og Sri Lanka, det tamilske geografiske kjerneområdet. This has created diglossia—a system in which there are distinct differences between colloquial forms of a language and those that are used in formal and written contexts. NOW 50% OFF! According to linguists like Bhadriraju Krishnamurti, Tamil, as a Dravidian language, descends from Proto-Dravidian, a proto-language. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Tamil language has the special claim of being at once classical like Sanskrit, Greek or Latin, and vigorous and modern like the modern Indian languages. The earliest known inscriptions in Tamil date back to about 500 BC. Corrections? Providing our readers with in-depth knowledge about Tamil language, Tamil history, Ancient Tamil period scriptures & inscription, Tamil culture, Tamil origin and great Tamil poets Most of the person speaking Tamil Language reside in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, Tamil is also spoken in many parts of the world.Large concentration of Tamil … Literary works in India or Sri Lanka were preserved either in palm leaf manuscripts (implying repeated copying and rec… Author of. NRIOL.COM, the premier online community since 1997 for the Indian immigrant community provides a range of resourceful services for immigrants and visitors in America. The literature collection in Tamil, which is a classical language, is very vast. This language descends from Proto Dravidian. Of the four literary languages in the Dravidian family, Tamil is the oldest, with examples dating to the early Common Era. 1997 © Copyright NRI Online Pvt. Linguistic reconstruction suggests that Proto It is believed that Tamil started around 2500 BC. In the early 21st century more than 66 million people were Tamil speakers. Tamil inscription, 11th century, from the Brihadisvara temple in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India. Tamil language, member of the Dravidian language family, spoken primarily in India. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Thirukkural consists of 1330 Kural, which are short verses of seven words. Adjectives and relative, adverbial, and infinitive clauses normally precede the term they modify, while inflections such as those for tense, number, person, and case are indicated with suffixes. found in Tamil Nadu, 27 May 2007 Three granite pillars with inscriptions of Pallava and Chola kings: Pondicherry Stone Inscriptions - N.Nandivarman: Ancient rock art dating back to 1500 B.C.in Tamil … Tamiler, en folkegruppe. 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