In 1970, assisted by a crew operating dump trucks, a tractor, and a front loader, Smithson displaced some 6,000 tons of black basalt rock and earth from the adjacent shore to form a coil 1,500 feet long and approximately 15 feet wide, winding … Upon closer inspection, the "snow" was actually crystallized salt that brilliantly reflected the sun's rays and the nearby water. This is the currently selected item. In 1969, just prior to its creation, Neil Armstrong had become the first human to set foot on the moon, and mankind was reevaluating its relationship with the cosmos. - [Steven] One of the anecdotes that Smithson was apparently aware of was the centuries-old idea that the Great Salt Lake contained a whirlpool that somehow connected it to the Pacific Ocean. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Christo and Jeanne-Claude, The Gates. We drove out to the Spiral Jetty on a Sunday. Between Smithson's Spiral Jetty and the lake, there was a blanket of white - a picture-perfect postcard image of a quiet winter's morn, and yet, the "snow" wasn't melted by the sun blazing down from above. In 1970 Smithson began construction of the large site-specific earth works for which he is most known. Our 8 year old son loved it! Smithson constructed the 4,500 457-meter (1,500-foot) jetty out of rock and earth. The Spiral Jetty was created back in 1970 by American sculptor Robert Smithson. Editors’ Tip: Robert Smithson: Spiral Jetty. Spiral Jetty, made of mud, salt crystals, rocks, and water, was built on an abandoned oil rig site on Rozelle Point off of the Great Salt Lakein Utah. It is made from local black basalt rock, which can turn white in some places, due to extended exposure to the ebbs and flows of the salty water. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Spiral Jetty on the page in Art & Place Outer space was very much on Smithson's mind when he created Spiral Jetty. Maya Lin, Vietnam Veterans Memorial. BOX ELDER COUNTY — The Spiral Jetty, a large work of art off the shoreline of the Great Salt Lake, was named as an official state work of art over the … Smithson documented the construction of the sculpture in a 32-minute color film also titled Spiral Jetty. A loud abrasive buzzing bellows from the nightstand and I raise my head, only to be blinded by the red light emanating from the small—in size, not volume—machine against a backdrop of pure blackness. The monumental earthwork Spiral Jetty (1970) was created by artist Robert Smithson and is located off Rozel Point in the north arm of Great Salt Lake. The Spiral Jetty is the epitome of Land Art, and is located on the north end of the Great Salt Lake. Spiral Jetty is a work of art that was created at the north end of the Great Salt Lake by Robert Smithson in 1970. Google Arts & Culture features content from over 2000 leading museums and archives who have partnered with the Google Cultural Institute to bring the world's treasures online. Its precarious location lends itself to the structure’s inevitable disintegration, yet its impressive size and deliberate shape command the surrounding landscape. Spiral Jetty is an earthwork sculpture constructed in April 1970 that is considered to be the most important work of American sculptor Robert Smithson. Practice: Lin, Vietnam Veterans Memorial. The famous earthwork, Spiral Jetty, by Robert Smithson, was built in 1970. Like much Earth art, Spiral Jetty is a tribute to the daring and imagination of the artist who goes from concept to actual product—the fact that it is done at all is often what constitutes its significance. His Spiral Jetty (1970) consists of a strip of land on the edge of the Great Salt Lake in Utah that was extended into the water with the help of a crew of workmen to produce a spiral measuring 1,500 × … If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Smithson's Spiral Jetty. A tarlike oil is known to lie and seep from beneath the Great Salt Lake nearby. Practice: Smithson, Spiral Jetty (quiz) Robert Smithson, Spiral Jetty. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. It’s a minimalist flat form imposed on the lake, visible when the level’s low—a useless berm, a raised driveway, a widget on a stalk. Built in 1970 of mud, salt crystals, basalt, and dirt, the Spiral Jetty is 1500 feet long and extends far out into the Great Salt Lake. Robert Smithson’s Spiral Jetty, located at Rozel Point on the northeastern shore of Great Salt Lake in Utah, is one of the most remarkable examples of Land art. Spiral Jetty, the best-known earthwork of the New York-based artist Robert Smithson (1938–1973), is one of the most powerful works of public art in Utah. Robert Smithson, (born Jan. 2, 1938, Passaic, N.J., U.S.—died July 20, 1973, Amarillo, Texas), American sculptor and writer associated with the Land Art movement.His large-scale sculptures, called Earthworks, engaged directly with nature and were created by moving and constructing with vast amounts of soil and rocks.. Smithson preferred to work with ruined or exhausted sites in nature. 4:00 A.M. Oy. To log in and use all the features of Khan Academy, please enable JavaScript in your browser. Other conditions that have been observed over the years include erosion and sand and silt deposits. - [Beth] And it's a form that appears in nature, quite frequently. And in fact, the very shape of Spiral Jetty is a form that has shown up in petroglyphs throughout the American West. Robert Morris: Bodyspacemotionthings at Tate Modern, Dorothea Rockburne: Drawing Which Makes Itself, Practice: Christo and Jeanne-Claude, The Gates, James Turrell, Skyspace, The Way of Color. I’m immediately beset by the eternal morning conflict: ten more minutes of sleep vs. the rush of adrenaline that wants to start the adventures that await. Brightly colored algae lives in the salty water and can tint it pink. The jetty resembles a galaxy in its shape. The last twenty miles or so are on a dirt/gravel road. It is on the north end of the Great Salt Lake. A spiral form of salt-encrusted basalt boulders is just emerging from the pinkish water. The Spiral Jetty. This work, titled Spiral Jetty, can still be seen periodically, depending on the water level. The most famous jetty is probably Spiral Jetty, a large sculpture created by the artist Robert Smithson in 1970. It is a 1,500-foot-long, 15-foot-wide, and 3-foot-tall dirt dike, built using 6,650 tons of basalt rock excavated from the site. This dramatic and highly influential work forms a coil 1,500 feet long and 15 feet wide and stretches out counterclockwise into the lake's translucent red water. Lots of salt on the sand. The design, which is at Rozel Point in Utah, measures 15 feet by 1,500 feet. In 1970 Robert Smithson (1938-1973), one of the most innovative and provocative artists of the twentieth century, created the landmark earthwork Spiral Jetty at Rozel Point on Utah's Great Salt Lake. Construction took six days to complete. Undoubtedly the most famous large-scale earthwork of the period, it has come to epitomize Land art. It was really fun. Walter De Maria, The Lightning Field. Made of black basalt rocks and earth gathered from the site, Spiral Jetty is a 15-foot-wide coil that stretches more than 1,500 feet into the lake. Christo’s numerous…, His Spiral Jetty (1970) consists of a strip of land on the edge of the Great Salt Lake in Utah that was extended into the water with the help of a crew of workmen to produce a spiral measuring 1,500 × 15 feet (457 × 4.5…. Aug 11, 2014 - Explore FRIENDS of Great Salt Lake's board "Spiral Jetty" on Pinterest. Built at the mouth of a terminal basin rich in minerals and nearly devoid of life, Spiral Jetty is a testament to Smithson’s fascination with entropy. The Bulgarian-born artist Christo has involved large numbers of people in the planning and construction of such mammoth alfresco art projects as Valley Curtain (1972; Rifle Gap, Colo.). We left in the morning to beat the crowds. Presently, it is under the ownership of the Dia Art Foundation. Vocalist Conrad Keely explained to Spin magazine that this minute-and-a-half-long basher was "inspired by a piece of environmental art in the Great Salt Lake. This is an example of a modern geoglyph that was created in April 1970 by Robert Smithson. Robert Smithson, Spiral Jetty, 1970, Rozel Point, Great Salt Lake, Utah, 1500 (if unwound) x 15 foot spiral of basalt, sand, and soil, ©Holt-Smithson Foundation Speakers: Dr. Steven Zucker and Dr. Beth Harris …extend a rock and dirt spiral, 1,500 feet (460 m) long, into Great Salt Lake in Utah (Spiral Jetty; 1970). However, no one saw this work for over 30 years. … https://www.britannica.com/topic/Spiral-Jetty. Spiral Jetty is on the northeast shore of the Great Salt Lake, in the U.S. state of Utah. The jetty celebrates both technology and nature: although it was built with dump trucks and caterpillar tractors spreading earth and rock from the surrounding desert, it forms a spiral, an elemental form in nature. It is 1500 feet in length and is about 15 feet wide made from sand, dirt and basalt rock. Robert Smithson (American, 1938–1973) was a painter and sculptor best known for his mature Land Art pieces, such as Spiral Jetty (1970). The spiral can be seen as a schematic image of evolution, a … Tao of the Dead has a number of different themes running through the record. The water is shallow & very salty. Donate or volunteer today! In a 1972 interview, Smithson suggests that Spiral Jetty was intended to both withstand and be "intimately involved with the climate changes and natural disturbances" of the site, particularly the lake's fluctuating water levels. Made of basalt rock, this natural sculpture is an inspiring desert icon. The salt water out here is usually tinted red or purple due to bacteria and algae that love the extremely salty water. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Someone in the '70s built this spiral of stones that goes out into a lake and took a photograph - it's a fairly iconic picture. 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