Spindle fruits are unique and the many different varieties will let you select from a rainbow of colors. However that is not exactly correct as its wood and berries have been used for numerous other purposes. Delivery is free. VAT No. Friends comment on my spindle berry, or spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus), more than any other plant in my garden. [6], Figure from Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 1885, Flower with the four petals and four stamens, Dirr, Michael A. It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. 1998. Find the perfect euonymus [spindle tree] berries stock photo. Euonymus europaeus grows to 3–6 m (10–20 ft) tall, rarely 10 m (33 ft), with a stem up to 20 cm (8 in) in diameter. Keep in touch with the nature you love without having to leave the house. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. Parts of the plant have been used medicinally. The Spindle tree, and it’s leaves and berries, has been used over the centuries for many medicinal purposes. red berries and leaves of european spindle tree in front of white background - spindle berries stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. [5] However, the fruit is poisonous, containing, amongst other substances, the alkaloids theobromine and caffeine, as well as an extremely bitter terpene. For the remainder of the year, spindle boasts its unique twiggy, upright deciduous plant that showcases its dark green pointed leaves. The European spindle tree, Euonymus europaea, is a deciduous UK-native tree that is most identifiable by its clusters of white flowers that appear in early summer, transforming into vivid pink fruits with bright orange seeds by the autumn, also the time when the leaves turn a spectacular shade of crimson. ananbeam cat tree catwood common spindle tree dogwood gatten tree gatter tree louseberry tree pegwood prick timber prickwood skewerwood see more; … 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. Transform your home into a woodland wonderland this Christmas with our easy ideas for festive, foraged home decor. Spindle timber is creamy-white, hard and dense. General description of Spindle Berry plants: The Spindleberry or Spindle tree, Euonymus europaeus, is one of Britain's most colourful native, large shrubs. Spindle Tree. The spindle is at its loveliest in autumn when its leaves turn russet and its pink and orange fruits ripen. The hermaphrodite flowers are produced in late spring and are insect-pollinated; they are rather inconspicuous, small, yellowish green and grow in cymes of 3–8 together. Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea) when the spindle is in leaf. To me they are like small Chinese lanterns and look very delicate swaying around in the breeze. The spindle tree, to coin a phrase, “does exactly what is says on the tin,” or other words it name derives from the common usage its wood was put to: making spindles. European Spindle Tree / Euonymus Europaeus. ; The fruits are encased in capsules that open up in fall.Their seeds naturally attract birds thanks to their yellow, red or orange colors that stand out with the red casing. Today, spindle timber is used to make high-quality charcoal for artists. When its brilliant pink berries split in autumn they reveal a bright orange seed that hangs on well into winter. Poisonings are more common in young children, who are enticed by the brightly coloured fruits. The spindle’s botanical name, Euonymus, is from the Greek ‘eu’, meaning ‘good’ and ‘onoma’, meaning ‘name’. Its foliage of huge, ovate, mid-green leaves turns to vibrant crimson-to-ruby red in early fall, making the whole plant glow with color. It is a deciduous shrub or small tree. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Identified in winter by: the vivid pink fruits which have bright orange seeds. Keep warm (at around 15 degrees centigrade) for 10 weeks and don’t let them dry out. Wildlife loves its leaves and fruit, and aphids flock to it, bringing with them an array of their predators. I have had a spindle berry bush/tree for the last 3 years and each year had it has had masses of flowers on it., but these have not developed into the gorgeous berries in the autumn. The leaves are shiny and slightly waxy, and have tiny sharp teeth along the edges. The fruits were once baked and powdered and used to treat head lice or mange in cattle. Its bark is deep green, becoming darker with age. The leaves also attract aphids and their predators, including hoverflies, ladybirds and lacewings, as well as the house sparrow and other species of bird. They turn a rich orange-red before falling in autumn. Flowers have four petals and grow in clusters in May and June, and are pollinated by insects. This is a useful, maintenance free shrub that can add colour and brightness, particularly to the winter garden with its variegated leaves. Euonymus alatus leaves in Autumn. Cases of poisoning occur often in children, after ingesting the bright red pods. They are very appealing to bees because they contain lots of nectar. Noted for its spectacular fall foliage and very ornamental berries, Euonymus europaeus 'Red Cascade' (Spindle) is a large, vigorous, deciduous shrub that is invaluable in the fall and winter garden. In cultivation in the UK, the cultivar 'Red Cascade' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Euonymus europaeus, the spindle, European spindle, or common spindle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae, native to much of Europe, where it inhabits the edges of forest, hedges and gentle slopes, tending to thrive on nutrient-rich, chalky and salt-poor soils. This tree has gorgeous blood-red berries and can be found throughout North America, Europe and … The spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus) bears red fruits attractive to birds and the birds help this plant reseed widely so it has a reputation for being somewhat invasive. Today, spindle timber is used to make high-quality charcoal for artists. The leaves are opposite, lanceolate to elliptical, 3–8 cm long and 1–3 cm broad, with a finely serrated edge. Its fruits are a similar shape to popcorn. In the past it was used to make ‘spindles’ for spinning and holding wool (hence its name), as well as skewers, toothpicks, pegs and knitting needles. 0. lesliejohn1985 Posts: 1. Mature trees can live for over 100 years. SC038885). Twigs are thin and straight. The spindle tree is great to grow in cold, urban places. Images © protected Woodland Trust. Charcoal produced from this plant is seen as superior among artists due to its strength and density. 4-5ft Tall in a 6L Pot . Spindle is a small tree, widespread in woodland edges and hedgerows on limestone soils, and is also frequently planted in parks and gardens. Other names include fusoria, fusanum, ananbeam, shemshad rasmi (Iran), while it may have given its name to the ancient Greek settlement of Euonymeia. It has been introduced to North America where it has become an invasive species in some areas. Cultivated forms of the tree are also grown in gardens for autumn colour. It has small flowers which grow in clusters in May and June. Pink berries of the spindle tree in autumn forest - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock Advertisement. 1982873. Spindle is native to much of Europe and can be found most commonly on the edges of forests and in hedges, scrub and hedgerows. Other names include fusoria, fusanum, ananbeam, shemshad rasmi (Iran), while it may have given its name to the ancient Greek settlement of Euonymeia. Everything ranging from appetite stimulant to nits [head lice], and horse/cattle mange. Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. Spindle is hermaphrodite, meaning each flower contains both male and female reproductive parts. Ingestion can result in liver and kidney damage and even death. Here's a photo of a spindle tree in my back garden its in berry now with these wonderful pink berries. The names “Winged” and “Corktree” are so called because of the wings present on some varieties that develop from the cork cambium, although the reason why these are present is … No need to register, buy now! Leaves are green in Summer and in the Autumn 4 lobed dark red fruits with orange seeds appear.Max height & spread 10ft/3m.Grow in any fertile soil especially chalk.Great for a native hedge or wood. Registered in England No. 30 pods are a fatal dose for an adult. The strange fruits of the spindle tree should be collected during October when they are pink. It is a popular ornamental plant in gardens and parks due to its bright pink or purple fruits and attractive autumn colouring, in addition to its resistance to frost and wind. Discover our recent challenges and successes and how you can help. It bears small greenish-white flowers, in loose clusters, during May and June, followed by an abundance of fruits. Both the leaves and fruit are toxic to humans – the berries having a laxative effect. Also known as common spindle tree, spindle bush (Euonymus europaeus) is an upright, deciduous shrub that becomes more rounded with maturity.The plant produces greenish-yellow flowers in spring, followed by pinkish-red fruit with orange-red seeds in autumn. The red pink leaves and fruit of Euonymus oxyphyllus - Korean spindle tree. Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) is a large, vigorous, deciduous shrub or small tree with oval leaves and distinctive, colorful fruits.It is native to Europe but has been introduced worldwide for ornamental purposes. The common name, spindle tree, arose because the wood of this shrub was often used to make spindles for spinning wool. Noted for its most dramatic foliage and very ornamental berries, Euonymus planipes (Spindle Tree) is a large, deciduous shrub that is invaluable in the fall and winter garden. As before mentioned, the tree and its parts are very poisonous, so it would be better left in favour of other, safer potions for these ills. It is a deciduous shrub or small tree. Winged spindle tree. Euonymus europaeus has an average growth rate of about 45cm per annum. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. These burst open when ripe and release white seeds with an orange coating. ---Description---The Spindle Tree found in our hedges and copses is a smooth-leaved shrub.The leaves have very short stalks, are opposite in pairs and have minute teeth on the margin. [2][3], European spindle wood is very hard, and can be cut to a sharp point; it was used in the past for making spindles for wool-spinning and for butchers' skewers.[4]. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. Autumn colour ranges from yellow-green to reddish-purple, depending on environmental conditions.[1]. The capsular fruit ripens in autumn, and is red to purple or pink in colour and approximately 1–1.5 cm wide. It is easily identified in winter by its vivid pink fruits. Euonymus europaeus, spindle tree, with ripe berries. This is said to have meant ‘lucky’. So why don't more of us have one? vivid berries and leaves of spindle tree provide food for birds and visual treat With the approach of winter, spindle trees start to set the garden ablaze with the colour of their fruit and foliage. I love the gnarled bark of this one, the berries and all parts of the plant are toxic. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, 5th edi, "Euonymus europaeus L. European spindletree", "Euonymus europaeus European Euonymus Celastraceae", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Euonymus_europaeus&oldid=987094662, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 21:48. Cultivated forms of the tree are also grown in gardens for autumn colour. It has with fantastically bright berries and autumn leaves. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. Leaves are dark green in summer. Industrious, delicate, colourful. It is a fast-growing, bushy plant that is perfect for hedges and rough, country style screening. Spindle hedging develops well in normal soil conditions and situations, although, it will also endure coastal positions and slightly wet sites. What is a spindle bush? Spindle tree (botanical name: Euonymus) blooms in May with a host of densely packed yellowish white flowers. Spindle has bright pink fruits with orange seeds. Euonymus / j uː ˈ ɒ n ɪ m ə s / is a genus of flowering plants in the staff vine family, Celastraceae.Common names vary widely among different species and between different English-speaking countries, but include spindle (or spindle tree), burning-bush, strawberry-bush, wahoo, wintercreeper, or simply euonymus.It comprises about 130 species of deciduous and evergreen … When ripe, the four lobes split open to reveal the orange seeds. Size and Shape Usually grown as a large bushy shrub with multiple stems growing from the base, it will grow to as much as 20 feet high and spread nearly as wide. Our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone helps you identify the UK's native and non-native trees. Spindle may be affected by vine weevil, spider mite and a sap-feeding scale insect, which can cause dieback. The European spindle tree is a little known plant that provides lots of food for birds and insects. Buds and twigs are angular and green. England, UK. 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