All hope need not be lost though. As described above, fossil fuel usage displays a similar pattern of costs and benefits over time as cigarettes and thus can be thought of as an addictive process. As Chief Economist to the largest job site in the world, Tara uses Indeed.com data for a unique and unprecedented insight into the behaviors of job seekers. At the same time, corporate officials have focused on quarterly results rather than investing in the skills and long term productivity of their employees. However, despite the fact that it was scientific discoveries that have motivated the demand for fossil fuels during the past two centuries in the first place, people nevertheless resist the application of science to mitigate the negative effects that are resulting from its use. IIEP works in close collaboration with other George Washington University research centers (such as the Center for International Business Education and Research)[8] and academic departments (see references below). Here’s some things USTR should do. The first option is a concentrated effort to reduce the cost of switching to low carbon alternative energy sources such as solar, wind and nuclear. The Institute for International Economic Policy (abbreviated as IIEP) is a research institution dedicated to the study of global economic governance, based in Washington, DC at the Elliott School of International Affairs of the George Washington University. More telling, instead, are employment to population ratios – which paint a picture in which college graduates are not seeking employment. ... economic policies that are in the broad interests of its members and foster global financial stability and sustainable economic growth. The Centre for Eurasian Studies of the Institute of International Politics and Economics organised, in cooperation with the Moscow Fund for the Support of Public Diplomacy "A. M. Gorchakov", a webinar on the topic "The Balkans as a Geopolitical Hotspot: Old Problems and New Challenges". Deborah Brown, from the Association for Progressive Communications; a long time internet rights activist; The agreement also addresses labor issues in the services chapter; in the chapter on regulatory coherence; and indirectly through language related to investor state dispute settlement. One field I find particularly interesting is “social media,” but there are so many others. If governments and their citizens could devise shared rules to encourage the free flow of information, more people would have greater access to information, and more information would be created and exchanged (McKinsey: 2014, Tietje: 2011). This summit has little chance for success. In contrast, policies to restrict fossil fuel usage and carbon emissions will affect 100% of the world’s population and impact industries that are the largest companies in the world employing tens of millions of people. In recent years, some countries (and US states) have made it harder or less attractive for workers to organize and bargain collectively. Follow IIEP on Twitter (@IIEPGW). EPI’s Health Policy Research team analyzes the U.S. health care system through the lens of low- and moderate income families' living standards, with special attention to employer-sponsored health insurance, the burden of health costs, and disparities in access and outcomes. Right now our labor force participation rate is quite low, so a small unemployment rate does not mean a high employment rate. A little bit of training in computer programming can now help someone in almost any field. They struggle to balance, let alone achieve these goals.[2]. USTR needs to be more transparent about how trade agreements affect Internet openness and freedom and how USTR might use trade agreements to challenge filtering and censorship. In the wake of these developments, unions have declined and worker bargaining power has decreased. Frustration and disappointment has become the norm. In addition, the future effects of both smoking and fossil fuel usage are uncertain. Who are they? Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Scholars have determined that while trade plays a role, the most important factor contributing to rising income inequality is not trade, but rapid technological growth in exportable sectors. It includes identifying 'who is poor' by considering the range of deprivations they suffer, and aggregating that information to reflect societal poverty in a way that is robust and decomposable. Email: iiep@gwu.edu The Institute of International Finance is the global association of the financial industry, with close to 450 members from 70 countries. Korea Institute for International Economic Policy (KIEP) advises the Korean government on all major international economic policy issues as well as carrying out research by request from outside institutions and organisations on all areas of the Korean and international economies. [17], M1: This measure reflects the incidence, intensity and depth of poverty. Thus, despite many successes over more than a 50-year campaign, it has been grudgingly difficult to break peoples’ addiction to cigarettes. He continues to advocate. Whether low cost and highly profitable alternatives can be found quickly enough is highly uncertain. The baby boomer generation is aging, and education levels from associates to doctorates are needed to fill this gap in care. It won’t matter how many meetings are held or how many marches take place. The Institute for International and Development Economics was founded in 1997 as a non-profit research institute. Information is also a global public good that governments should provide and regulate effectively. EPI’s research helps policymakers, opinion leaders, advocates, journalists, and the public understand the bread-and-butter issues affecting ordinary Americans. Monterey Institute of International Studies — Motto Be the solution Established 1955 Type Private … Posted by Susan A. Aaronson in General Economic Policy, Global Governance, International Trade, governance web, IGF-USA, international economic policy, Internet governance, trade negotiations, trade policy, Tim Berners-Lee, the architect of the World Wide Web, taught us that the Internet we have is a function of the choices we (users, companies, policymakers etc…) make about information flows. To serve as a catalyst for high quality, multidisciplinary, and non-partisan research on global economic policy issues. This means that climate change mitigation is a collective action problem, on top of being an addictive process, and this is the reason the UN is convening regular summits to reach a collective agreement. Economic policy research by the Institute’s 50+ internationally recognized scholars is the foundation of our mission and work. We are currently researching government use of malware across borders; and the evolution of U.S. and EU trade and digital rights. Smoking does raise the probability of contracting a disease, but, as many as 50% of smokers never experience these negative effects. For more information about trade and information flows, view the Prezi at http://www.gwu.edu/~iiep/governance/taig, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2011112. Unemployment rates, however, do not represent the full spectrum of employment. The Alkire Foster method can be used to target people who meet multiple criteria. They began by developing principles to guide their behavior at the OECD, APEC and other venues. However, fossil fuel usage is different from smoking in an important respect that will make breaking this addiction many times more difficult. Avri Doria, an expert on human rights, ethics and technological change; [3] Hence, the free flow of information is also a security,[4] trust, foreign policy, and governance issue. Similarly, high relative costs of energy substitutes will also make it difficult to kick the fossil fuel habit as well. We have to explain these links in order to explain why individuals can’t and shouldn’t hold trade policy responsible. However, the free flow of information affects many other policies beyond trade, including human rights. Aside from technical fields, Tara sees the largest growth happening in healthcare industries – although she finds it disconcerting that millennials are not headed in this direction. Contact information: jbernier@fiu.edu Florida International University Modesto A. Maidique Campus Labor Center, Room 304 11200 SW 8th Street Miami, FL 33199 Tel: 305-348-2371 One piece of particularly good news: the unemployment rate for people with college degrees fell to 2.9% in December. What is USTR doing to involve the American public (not Wash representatives of civil society, business and labor) in developing and understanding trade? In the wake of the Snowden revelations digital rights are key concerns for IGF-USA attendees. With such large quantities of data to analyze and work with, Tara is excited for the future of economic forecasting. At the same time, some workers have turned against unions an organization working in their interest. [2] Tietje notes that this challenge is not new; nations had to collaborate to deal with Morse code, the telegraph and the first transatlantic cable from 1858-1866 (Tietje:2011). IIEP produces research and policy analyses in areas of global economic governance, such as ultra-poverty, climate change adaptation, international trade, and US-China relations. In my research I examine how the U.S. and the EU tried to use trade policies to advance the free flow of information while simultaneously taking other steps to control or block the free flow of information. Washington, DC 20052. The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) is an independent nonprofit, nonpartisan research organization dedicated to strengthening prosperity and human welfare in the global economy through expert analysis and practical policy solutions. Instead of being limited to a small number of career paths, STEM skills are now used in every sector. However, critics of TTIP raise concerns about proposed language in the investment and regulatory coherence chapters; they fear it might lead to a labor rights “race to the bottom.”  They argue that these chapters are designed to reduce regulatory burdens by eliminating alleged unnecessary or costly regulations. But these principles are voluntary and not universal. This might be good news for the economy if it is due to people who had stepped out of the labor force deciding to start looking for a job again. As Indeed’s Chief Economist, I have access to data on over 140 million unique visitors to the site each month along with job postings in over 50 countries. I’m actually hoping we see a small uptick in the US unemployment rate in the near future. Finally, both smoking and fossil fuel usage are difficult and costly to discontinue: smoking cessation causes sometimes severe withdrawal costs and continual urges for resumption; fossil fuel substitution requires costly replacements of energy systems and higher energy costs. Better to pour collective efforts into the development of viable and profitable non-carbon energy sources and in the event that does not succeed, to be ready to act with effective science-based interventions that can help regulate and control the earth’s climate. EPI is an independent, nonprofit think tank that researches the impact of economic trends and policies on working people in the United States. The IIEA is Ireland’s leading European & International Affairs think tank. This flexible approach can be employed in a variety of situations by choosing different dimensions (e.g. It is calculated by multiplying the proportion of people who are poor by the percentage of dimensions in which they are deprived (M0 = H x A). Healthcare has really been the key growth area in terms of employment and the BLS projects it will continue to be near the top in terms of growth out to 2022 (as far as their projections go). The Alkire Foster method can be used to monitor the effectiveness of programs over time. Tel: (202) 994-5320. American Institute for Economic Research (AIER) seeks to positively influence the world by helping advance peace, prosperity, and human progress. This summit follows on the heels of previous UN conferences in Copenhagen, Cancun, Durban, and Doha, each of which had ambitious goals but which failed to prompt world leaders towards substantive action. To curtail smoking one has to convince an individual to change his or her behavior in order to have a long term positive effect directly upon him or herself. Several potentially viable options have been proposed including carbon capture methods and use of atmospheric reflective materials, which could be implemented at a relatively modest cost. Systematic, comprehensive and reliable source of information on EU environmental policy and is an essential research tool for anyone working, studying or researching in this field. Partnerships with organizations like the World Bank Group,[1] International Monetary Fund,[2] Internet Society,[3] and The Nature Conservancy[4] have led to academic conferences and policy seminars. However, technological change, while scary and threatening to jobs, is essential to productivity and economic growth. This has the potential to have serious impacts on our economy in all sorts of areas from the performance of the stock market to the types of jobs that our economy will create. Economists will be spending the coming years trying to find the answers. Susan Ariel Aaronson is Research Professor of International Affairs at GWU, where she directs the Trade and Internet Governance Project. Finally, when they negotiate trade agreements, policymakers should use language to encourage interoperability. Still, despite that knowledge, it may seem somewhat surprising that fully one-fifth of the US adult population continues to smoke. Today the vast majority of people, including smokers themselves, accept the dangers posed by smoking. Both cigarette and fossil fuel consumption generates immediate benefits to users; smoking causes the seductive effect of nicotine in the brain and social camaraderie among peers; fossil fuels provide affordable energy for transportation, heating and electrical needs – it is a part of everyone’s daily life. Now consider fossil fuel usage. With his actions, Tim Berners-Lee has shown us that it is not easy to set information free. KIEP has aimed to be a regional hub for international economic policy research, and has served as a warehouse of information on Korea's international economic policies for nearly 30 years. We can encourage trade officials to think more holistically about the balance between the free flow of information and the need to control information flows in the name of privacy and national security. Posted by Susan A. Aaronson in Global Governance, human rights, IGF-USA, Internet governance, GWU’s Institute for International Economic Policy has long been involved on Internet foreign and economic policy issues where officials must work with other governments and multiple stakeholders to achieve policy balance. If we consider smoking around the world, noting that many similar regulatory programs and high taxes have been imposed in Europe and elsewhere, it is surprising that as much as 30% of the adult male population continues to smoke. [6] Much of the initial research in this article was based on a study funded by the Ford and MacArthur Foundations, as well as the Minerva Initiative, “Can Trade Policy Set Information Free? It is also the home of an International Trade and Investment Policy master's program.[6]. Visit us at one of our upcoming events! We launched the Indeed Hiring Lab earlier this year with the goal of using the new “big data” we have to produce insights about labor market behavior and trends. Posted by Susan A. Aaronson in General Economic Policy. The simple reason is that the world is severely addicted to fossil fuels and because of that, even the recognition and acceptance of the problem is simply not sufficient to inspire coordinated action. Today, data flow issues are key components of 3 ongoing negotiations: The U.S. and the 27 nations of the EU have been negotiating T-TIP (the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership; the U.S. and 10 other nations bordering the Pacific have been negotiating the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP); and some fifty members of the WTO (including the 27 EU) are negotiating the Trade in Services Agreement of the WTO (TISA). Why not ask Americans to suggest language related to the free flow of information? read more. Since the US and EU have relatively similar labor costs and productivity, firms may choose to produce and invest in the venues with less or less expensive regulations. On one hand, they want to encourage the free flow of information in the interest of educational, technological and scientific progress. However, one of these alternatives faces high uncertainty regarding its potential effectiveness. Also, although world leaders may pay lip service to climate change mitigation and even implement policies to prompt modest reductions in fossil fuel use, significant reductions in carbon emissions in democratic countries will ultimately require the support by a majority of the national electorates. IIEP was chartered by the George Washington University in July 2007. Institute for International Economic Policy. [18], M2: This measures reflects the incidence, intensity, depth of poverty and inequality among the poor (the squared gap, S) (M2 = H x A x S). 1957 E St. NW, Suite 502. and Jemima Kiss, “An online Magna Carta: Berners-Lee calls for bill of rights for web,” The Guardian, http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/mar/12/online-magna-carta-berners-lee-web. (http://www.gwu.edu/~iiep/governance/taig/ ). However, many governments have not responded positively to U.S. and EU efforts to set information free. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Institute for International Economic Policy, Thoughts on the Senate Finance Committee hearing, The Future of US Labor Markets: 5 Questions with Tara Sinclair, Why a UN Climate Agreement Will Not Be Reached, Why the U.S. and EU are Failing to Set Information Free, http://www.wired.com/2012/02/tim-berners-lee-patent/, http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/mar/12/online-magna-carta-berners-lee-web, http://www.article19.org/data/files/pdfs/publications/foi-as-an-international-right.pdf, http://www.article19.org/pages/en/limitations.html, http://www.w3.org/Security/faq/wwwsf1.html#GEN-Q1, http://insidetrade.com/Inside-US-Trade/Inside-U.S.-Trade-05/16/2014/us-tables-new-tisa-proposal-to-ensure-free-flow-of-data-network-access/menu-id-710.html, http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/in-focus/ttip/, https://www.dfat.gov.au/trade/negotiations/services/trade-in-services-agreement.html#membership, The Internet That Connects Us–that brings us news, culture, ideas, goods and services–Is Also Increasingly Dividing Us, http://www.gwu.edu/~iiep/governance/taig/. On the other hand, they need to control and at times limit the free flow of information, in order to achieve important policy objectives including maintaining Internet resiliency; preventing spam, piracy, and hacking; protecting national security and privacy; and protecting intellectual property. Consequently, I argue that trade agreements have yet to set information free and may in fact be making it less free.[6]. Hence, although these states generally support free flow, they also adopted policies that some labelled data protectionist or data nationalism. Das Korea Institute for International Economic Policy (KIEP) ist eine Denkfabrik unter der Verwaltung und Leitung Südkoreas.KIEPs Hauptsitz befindet sich im Seouler Distrikt Seochu-gu ist aber auch in Peking mit einem Standort vertreten. USTR must clearly explain that trade agreements can’t directly include actionable provisions to address income inequality but that trade agreements may indirectly affect income inequality within and among nations. Tara explained that we can see this mystery population in every corner of life. Since the first years of the 21st century, business leaders, policymakers and activists have tried to create shared principles to encourage information flows. Moreover, neither the U.S. nor the EU link policies to promote the free flow of information with policies to advance Internet freedom; both seemed to develop policies in bureaucratic silos, without weighing how such policies might affect the Internet as a whole. These efforts will be fruitless and are likely to result in rising hostilities as climate policy advocates increasingly chastise world leaders for their inaction while demonizing the oil, coal and gas companies who are simply delivering the world’s energy needs in the most habitually, efficient way. IEEP's Manual of European Environmental Policy. Poverty measures. Because it is painful for smokers to quit, even those with full understanding of the potentially detrimental future effects, can become trapped in their current habits and smoke until it kills them. Notable IIEP members include Sabina Alkire, James Foster, and Jeni Klugman. But the exceptions here are key: when can nations limit the free flow of information to protect privacy and national security. Alkire-Foster Method of Poverty Measurement, "3rd Urbanization and Poverty Reduction Research Conference", "Investing in Nature Makes Economic Sense: A Sustainable Development Forum About Cities, Nature, and Profit", "Institute for International Economic Policy - The Elliott School of International Affairs - The George Washington University", "International Trade & Investment Policy - Elliott School of International Affairs - The George Washington University", "GW Center for International Business Education and Research Homepage", "Institute for International Economic Policy (IIEP), Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University - EDIRC/RePEc", "The International Economics Study Center - Home", "GW Department of Political Science Homepage", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Institute_for_International_Economic_Policy&oldid=903643165, Pages using infobox institute with unknown parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It also supports the Elliott School's certificate program in International Economic Policy. Secondly, governments should include language in trade agreements that relate to the regulatory context in which the Internet functions including free expression, fair use, the rule of law, net neutrality, and due process. The supply chains for fossil fuels and the profits that flow from them are well understood and both directly and indirectly benefit everyone on the planet. As an example, in 1995, Berners Lee chose not to patent his work on the World Wide Web because he feared patenting could limit the universality and openness of the web. On TISa negotiations, pl. In fact, the US’s employment to population ratio over the past 4 years has been hovering at a 25 year low. [1], Policymakers also must make tough choices about information flows. On TTIP, see http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/in-focus/ttip/. -Should activists work towards an enforceable system of human rights online? The South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) is an independent public policy think tank advancing a well governed, peaceful, economically sustainable and globally engaged Africa. Written by IIEP Staff Member, Alexa Smith-Rommel, Posted by Steve Suranovic in Climate Adaptation, General Economic Policy, This week the UN will convene a climate summit where Secretary General Ban Ki Moon will ask leaders to bring “bold announcements and actions that will reduce emissions, strengthen climate resilience, and mobilize political will for a meaningful legal agreement in 2015.”, For those who have marched in cities around the world this weekend demanding change, the Summit offers a new opportunity to finally set the world on a corrective path that will avert an imminent global disaster. IIEP affiliate researcher Tara Sinclair thinks that private data might hold the keys to improving forecasting methods. The more effective approach is to use science to solve the problem caused by science. Moreover, the US and the EU have not clarified how they will achieve regulatory coherence given different approaches and levels of regulations, nor have they explained how higher standards can be maintained in the venues that have such higher standards. Even if one accepts that there is a scientific consensus of the anthropogenic effects on climate change, that consensus does not imply that the only way to solve the problem is by forcing the reduction in fossil fuel use. Notable IIEP members include Sabina Alkire, James Foster, and Jeni Klugman. Some scholars note that the U.S./EU approach appeared hypocritical and inconsistent. Publications by the IIEP include economic working papers,[9] blog posts on development and finance topics,[10] and an International Economics Study Center.[11]. There are so many job titles involving technology that didn’t exist just a few years ago. Please visit the site and review our publications and conferences. IIEP faculty members are also actively involved in the Ph.D. programs in disciplinary departments (such as economics,[12] political science,[13] and history[14]) as well as professional programs in other GW schools (including the Law School[15] and Business School[16]). [1] Joe Mullin, “Tim Berners-Lee Takes the Stand to Keep the Web Free,” Wired, 2/08/12, http://www.wired.com/2012/02/tim-berners-lee-patent/, last searched 6/15/2014; on Lee in 2011, see Tim Berners-Lee: Spies’ cracking of encryption undermines the web,”. One panel at IGF-USA will focus on these human rights concerns. Officials and citizens from these governments worry about their ability to control or limit information flows as well as their dependence on U.S. companies to provide web services (which often must comply with U.S. rules on privacy and national security.) Thus there is a substantial benefit to having a college degree in this respect since the overall unemployment rate is 5.6%. Policymakers turned to trade rules because information often flows across borders; moreover trade agreements are binding and enforceable. Since then, anti smoking groups have initiated educational campaigns, advertising bans, higher taxes, and successful litigation against cigarette companies. The Alkire Foster method can be used to create national, regional or international measures of poverty or wellbeing by incorporating dimensions and indicators that are tailored to the specific context. See Article 19, “Limitations,”   http://www.article19.org/pages/en/limitations.html, last searched 6/24/2014. Carolina Rossini of Public Knowledge will moderate. Panelists will address the following and other topics: -How can U.S. stakeholders help reinforce the continued preeminence of human rights concerns in global Internet governance conversations and meetings? The Internet has made it cheaper and easier to trade information (such as digital news, data, and entertainment); to collaborate and work across borders; and to fund and sell goods and services across borders (McKinsey: 2014). The labor market has improved substantially from a few years ago, so I think new and recent graduates should see more options now – and hopefully even more so in the coming months as another graduation season comes around. We are an independent, not-for-profit organisation with charitable status. And although the second option has high potential to be effective, it faces substantial resistance even from those most concerned about climate change. see Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia, “Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA),” https://www.dfat.gov.au/trade/negotiations/services/trade-in-services-agreement.html#membership; and on TPP, see https://www.dfat.gov.au/fta/tpp/, all last searched 6/18/2014. We are focused on the application of economic research and education to guide policy formation, with an emphasis on the global economy, economic (trade and financial) integration, and international development. In addition, the cigarette industry is a very small sector relative to the size of the entire economy so legal attacks against it provoked little resistance. She also directs a fellowship program-the eBay Policy Scholars. The Korea Institute for International Economic Policy (KIEP) is a national policy research institute established to conduct studies, research and analyses of global economic issues, guiding the nation toward effective international economic policies. As of this writing, June 2014, the EU, the U.S. and their negotiating partners have been unable to find common ground regarding how to promote the free flow of information; limit information flows in the name of national security; and protect privacy. 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