In this view, the fact that women generally earn less than men means it is economically rational for women to do more of the housework and childcare while men spend more of their time earning money. It socializes children, it provides emotional and practical support for its members, it helps regulate sexual activity and sexual reproduction, and it provides its members with a social identity. They see family life as gradually improving for all its members, becoming more equal and democratic. Family Chapter. 14.1. They argue that there has been a long-term trend away from segregated conjugal roles and towards joint conjugal roles and the ‘symmetrical family. This then gives us inaccurate results as to the reality of life in families today. complete with a powerpoint explaining Marxism at an accessible level. What Is a Family?Sociologists view marriage and families as societal institutions that help create the basic unit of social structure. Or does it simply mean that women now have to carry a ‘dual burden’ of paid work as well as domestic work? Functions of Marriage  Regulation sex life and sex relations of the individual. Couples now spend their leisure time together instead of separately with workmates or female relatives. Explain Important Mortality Differentials, Theories of Social Chang, Dialectic & Cyclic Theory, Emotions and Emotional Expressions Meaning, Definitions & …, Advantages and Disadvantages of Ethnocentrism in Sociology. Sexual relationship and production of children are the basic aim of marriage. In this march of progress view, men are becoming more involved in housework and childcare just as women are becoming more involved in paid work outside the home. This is a march of if’, progress view. Similarly, grounds for divorce .vere very unequal – a man could gain a divorce on the grounds of his wife’s adultery, but a woman had to prove ’er husband’s cruelty or another ‘matrimonial offence’ in addition to adultery. The universality of marriage within different societies and cultures is attributed to the many basic social and personal functions for which it provides structure, such as sexual gratification and regulation, division of labour between the sexes, economic production and consumption, and satisfaction of personal needs for affection, status, and companionship. While useful, statistics tell  us nothing about who takes responsibility for ensuring that the tasks are done. They argue that little has changed: men and women remain unequal within the family and women still do most of the housework. Families and marriages, like other institutions, adapt to social change. Know about power relationships between couples, including decision-making, control: of resources domestic violence. The wife has an expressive role, geared towards primary socialisation of the children and meeting the family’s emotional needs. People practice this marriage for economic benefit.  Marriage insists the couple to establish family by procreation. Typically, the institution of marriage begins with a period of courtship that culminates in an invitation to marry. There is some evidence for this explanation: You may need to get online and find evidence for the findings. Marriage sometimes establishes the legal father of a woman’s child or the legal mother of a man’s child; it oftentimes gives the husband or his family control over the wife’s sexual services, labor, and property. Once again, find an example of a feminist who actually says this? George Murdock on Families. The laws of majority Muslim states is based on religion or Law of Allah. The non-essential functions of a family are various and varied. Its purposes, functions and forms may differ from society to society but it is present everywhere as an institution. Women were full-time housewives with sole responsibility for housework and childcare, helped by their female relatives. Sociologists are interested in whether men and /women share domestic tasks equally. Identify two trends (changes) in the pattern of marriage despite the fact that the overall number of marriages have declined (4) Fewer people are marrying There are more remarriages People are marrying later Couples are less likely to marry in church Suggest three social changes which explain why there has been a decline in… Firstly, it serves as an economic unit. They argue that women going out to work is leading to a more equal division of labour at home. Wedding ceremonies are held for the tie of marriage. Evidence Material Explanation of Inequality: From this perspective, if women join the labour force and earn as much as their partners, we should expect to see men and women doing more equal amounts of domestic work. Women’s percentage share of domestic work, by employment status of partners, Great Britain. It is a social contract of two opposite sexes for the satisfaction of physical, biological, social, psychological and spiritual needs of males and females. Both marriage and a family may be defined differently—and practised differently—in cultures across the world. Polygamy is a type of marriage in which men can marry more than one women at the same time.  Establishes family formation. Increase man power 8. Producing offspring is not the only function of the family. 6. Know about gender roles in the domestic division of labour. Similarly, according to Future Foundation (2000), most men claimed to do more housework than their father and most women claimed to do less than their mother. It is a Latin word which means the connection of two opposite human sexes for the satisfaction of basic needs. What Is Marriage? Marriage is a socially approved union that united two or more individuals as spouses. Another responsibility is that of coordinating, scheduling and managing the family’s ‘quality time’ together – a responsibility that usually falls to mothers. For the society to exist it’s important that the members of this society itself keep supplying societal members with a … 7.  Provides economic co-operation. Characteristics of marriage (1)Marriage is a universal social institution. Provide social security to women 7. As we saw earlier, Boulton (1983) points out that although fathers may help by performing specific childcare tasks, it is usually the mother who takes responsibility for the child’s security and well-being. Marriage is important as an element in the mobilization of patterns of care and social support. Marriage in the real sense is the acceptance of a new status with a new set of obligations recognized by other people. Marriage is a socially recognized universal institution which is found is every society. For example, Jonathan Gershuny (1994) argues that women Working full-time is leading to a more equal division of labour in the home. Braun, Vincent and Ball (2011) found that in only three families out of 70 studied was the father the main carer. Mary Boulton (1983) found that fewer than 20% of husbands had a  ’A major role in childcare’. 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