The key difference between the two social sciences is that sociology concentrates on society while anthropology focuses on culture. The field of economics is restricted to the economic activities whereas sociology is concerned with all the social relationships. Definitions. The main difference between sociology and anthropology is the approach adopted in each discipline. These feature differences indicate the interdependence of sociology and social anthropology in understanding social behavior. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Evan Pritchard considers social anthropology as a branch of Sociology. Sociology is one of a group of social sciences, which also includes anthropology, economics, political science and history. Disclaimer Copyright. Social Anthropology (101) Social Policy (229) Social Research (12) Social Sciences (138) Social Studies (1933) Sociology Of Health And Sickness (11) Sociology Of Industry (1) Sociology … The effects of natural, human, technological and other factors on human group, societal and interpersonal structures are studied. Home >> Introduction to Sociology >> Sociology and Social Anthropology. If we look at: the status of social anthropology during the colonial regime in India, we immediately find that both sociology and social anthropology became vulnerable to colonial forces. Sociology originated from philosophy of history, political thought and positive sciences while anthropology has descended from biology. It has been rightly said that ‘social anthropology deals with the behavior of man in social situations.’ According to some scholars, ‘Social anthropology and sociology are in their broad sense, one and the same’. 2. “Yogendra Singh comments: The colonial ethnographers, for instance, took a placid, even a syn­chronic view of the tribal society. Difference Between Sociology and Anthropology. Linguistic anthropology studies the history of human co… Social psychology studies the individual behavior under social environments. The broad differences between sociology and social anthropology that emerged during the period of divergence can easily be related to the differences. Anthropology and sociology are both fields of social science that study the behavior of humans within their societies. Difference Between Sociology and Anthropology Anthropology is the study of humans and their behaviour at a more individualistic level. comparative sociology. disciplines study social aspect of man such as marriage, family, kinship, group, institution, association, community, band, tribe, caste, peasants etc. Social anthropology is distinguished from subjects such as economics or political science by its holistic range and the attention it gives to the comparative diversity of societies and cultures across the world, and the capacity this gives the discipline to re-examine Euro-American assumptions. Sociological tools can range from those which are anthropological and psychological in nature, to highly complex analytical constructs. Even though social anthropology and sociology share an interest in social relations, organization and behavior, there are important differences between these two disciplines. Fieldwork method is taken up in small-scale society; it takes a long time to generate data. Both fields are integrated into the other social sciences and are, in fact, provide the origins of many of them. Quite contrarily, sociology dwells on specific problems of the society. Their analysis is essentially qualitative and clinical. Main Differences Between Sociology and Anthropology Sociology is the study of people living together, their behavioral patterns, and reactions, while anthropology is the study of how people have evolved in various terms over the past years. In anthropologi­cal studies theoretical input is relatively less; the sociological approach, on the other hand, has a heavy dose of social philoso­phy and theoretical approach. colonialism', the distinction between sociology and social/cultural anthropology is maintained. (iv) Social Anthropology. A nthropology studies human societies and cultures and their development. On the other hand, sociology analyses man as social animal. But we know people really believe in this stuff. Sociology, on the other hand, depends on the collection of documents and genera­tion of statistical data. Evans-Pritchard agrees that generally both sociology and social anthropology study the society. Main Difference – Sociology vs Anthropology Sociology and Anthropology are both fields that study the human society and the human being. The early convergence was followed by a period of extreme divergence in terms of their universe of study, areas of interest, methods of study and even the concepts employed. The conceptual framework developed by the British administrators-turned-ethnographers and by anthropologists was inspired by the then prevailing model in anthro­pology. Sociology is the study of human interactions, social organization, and social structure. On the other hand, the theme of study of sociol­ogy is larger societies and the fieldwork is through tools such as schedule and questionnaire which usually take lesser time. He thinks that the two disciplines are identical, but in fact, there are some differences between the two disciplines. It is an academic field that looks at the functioning, structure, and development of human society. Anthropology is a much larger field of study in comparison to psychology, which is confined to human behavior only. Sociology is the study of society. In conclusion, it could be said that both these social sciences have difference of emphasis and perspective. The works of Talcott Parsons and R.K Merton are attempts towards an adaptation of functionalist approach to study industrial societies and William White has adopted participant observation for the study of modern industrial society. Kroeber wrote about the relationship of social an­thropology and sociology in the US, very rightly applies to Indian situation. Economics is much older than sociology. Social anthropology … Some even believe Psychology is not a science. Kroeber observes: All in all, these are differences only in emphasis. Social anthropology also studies human society, social institutions and … Comparison of Sociology with Other Social Sciences. In turn, sociology is a social science dedicated to a systematic study of society, social action, and the groups that make up a society (Furfey, 1953).Basically we could say that they both study relationships between people, but look at things from a different angl… For example, Erin Bisesti with Sociology. For example, Alex B. Berezow. Philosophy is the study of knowledge. Sociology and social anthropology had quite different origins. 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