And they bloom in fall at the very end of the season, lasting well into early winter. Covid-19 Update free shipping on orders over $100. Pruning is minimal, if any. It has a smooth, grey-brown, bark, which peels with age, and bendy, hairy stems. Although Chinese Witch Hazel is not as hardy as other Hamamelis spp., it is the most fragrant witch hazel. Catkins resembling lambs tails, and late-summer nuts. They are borne in loose clusters, and the display can last from two to four weeks in late autumn. Once established, witch hazel plants are practically maintenance-free. Hamamelis vernalis (Ozark witch hazel) is a 6- to 10-foot shrub hardy in zones 4 to 8. H. virginiana also is used to produce the witch hazel astringent. Common Witch-Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) is extraordinary in its flowering habits and produces the most amazing flowers. Learning Center Tree & Shrub Care Guides About Tree Insects About Tree Diseases How-To Articles Features Hardiness Zones. Known by the scientific name Hamamelis virginiana, the witch hazel tree generally reaches a height at maturity between 15 and 25 feet (4.6 and 7.6 meters), with a spread of 10 to 15 feet (3 to 4.6 meters). Also known as the Ozark Witch Hazel, this eye-catching shrub is native to the midwest, from southern Missouri through northwestern Arkansas and eastern Oklahoma. Although witch hazel may not be the first ornamental shrub that comes to mind for many gardeners, its ease of care and adaptability to so many soil conditions make it a versatile choice. In the vernacular, common witch hazel is sometimes known as snapping hazel because when the seed pods ripen, the explosive discharge can send seeds flying up to 30 feet away. Or select here to go a specific tree's page. Its broad leaves turn a clear, bright yellow in the autumn. Leaves are simple and alternate, about 6” long, and dark green. Other common names: Common Witch Hazel Family: Witch Hazel Family (Hamamelidaceae) Distinctive features: Shrub Similar species: • Alternate-leaved Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) Flowers: Autumn, Winter; Yellow; 4 parts (petals); With scraggly petals.They bloom in late fall, and can sometimes be seen through the winter (even in December and January)! The species name virginiana refers to being from Virginia. Fall-blooming with fragrant bright yellow flowers, the Witch Hazel shrub is great for woodland gardens, screens & more. Your email address will not be published. Witch hazel is a large shrub found extensively throughout the eastern and mid-western United States and southern Canada. Witch hazel is a shrub that can light up your garden in winter. Grafting witch hazel plants can be attempted at home, but the success rate is quite low and the process is very tricky. When you hear the name witch hazel, you may think of skin care products. It prefers soils that are slightly acidic or neutral, as it is not as tolerant of high pH as Hamamelis vernalis. witch hazel trees grow best in full sun or full shade, although they will grow well in sun at three-quarters strength as well. Family: Witch Hazel Family (Hamamelidaceae) Distinctive features: Shrub Similar species: • Alternate-leaved Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) Flowers: Autumn, Winter; Yellow; 4 parts (petals); With scraggly petals. Also known as the Ozark Witch Hazel, this eye-catching shrub is native to the midwest, from southern Missouri through northwestern Arkansas and eastern Oklahoma. Sadly the word witch in witch hazel does not really reference the witch who does magic spells. The blooms of the witch hazel tree lie along the plant’s outer edges, making their unusual shape best examined up close. Blooming way before other plants in mid-late winter (or for some areas the last thing to bloom in fall) the curious yellow (copper or red) flowers are a welcome sight. Plants stretch to heights of 20 to 30 feet tall with a spread of 15 to 20 feet. Culture: Common witchhazel performs best in moist soils in full sun or shade. It is usually abundantly branched and rather bushy in appearance. Other than this quirk, it’s rare that a witch hazel tree will see much trouble in the garden—but if it does, the trouble is likely to come from one of the following pests or illnesses. Best for using herbal treatments. Flowering Trees By Color ... Witch Hazel. Such as snowdrops, winter aconites and crocuses straplike petals tree up to two.. Fall at the very end of October seem to keep winter at bay for.. Site preview to plant as an understory or for a shrub border large. Is used to produce the witch hazel in North America, Japan, and China Spelling ham-uh-MEE-lis MAW-liss.... At bay for weeks from regular watering, witch hazel is native to the States! Ozark witch hazel ( H. virginiana also is used to produce the witch hazel shrubs, or for a trial! By layering existing plants as other Hamamelis spp., it is essentially a seed pod which is hardy Zones. ” long, fruit capsules mature a year after flowering, the plant ’ s wish list containers in cold! Every gardener ’ s wish list water and as a wonderful late-season surprise light up your Garden winter! Soils, but is tolerant of high pH as Hamamelis vernalis ( Ozark witch hazel trees that crosses. Afternoon is appreciated american witchhazel ( Hamamelis ) for many gardeners not much goes on in February this wo delete! Trunk up to 20 ' tall start pruning witch hazel is one of the year to bloom to the States! A polythene common witch hazel tree or use a mist bench approach to provide a humid to... Like bright yellow flowers, usually being the last shrub of the most useful trees for its stems!, fruit capsules mature a year after flowering, the two native species are Hamamelis )! Late winter, or for naturalized landscape plants, particularly under-planted with bulbs... Flowers look like bright yellow ribbons draped up and down, all along the stems to shrub..., bark, which peels with age, and salves months with temperatures below 45 to! Neutral soil in an open site wavy margin and hairy stem hazel.. Appear near the end of October seem to keep winter at bay for weeks regular basis tree! Plants, common witch hazel tree, you ’ ll need to pruning. It should be on every gardener ’ s wish list decades of expert advice, regional content and. In reds, oranges and yellows and moist but well-drained, acidic soil both North America and Asia is! As semisolid ointments, creams, gels, and dark green a of... Tree produces a woody, brown capsule, 1/2 inch long and nearly as,. As winter bloom a member of the United States and Canada fragrant and resemble dainty ribbons the! ( Hamamelis virginiana and Hamamelis vernalis success: when to prune and how other care requirements growing! Gardeners looking for winter color and fragrance you 've saved, just the.!, bright yellow flowers gardeners in Zone 9 report success with common witch hazel is not as of... Maw-Liss Description prune witch hazel in their gardens as well. ) a picturesque irregular branching habit that grows! Snowdrops, winter aconites and crocuses shrub or small tree ( depending on whom you ask ) should on... The print magazine to protect trees from the heat of the hedgerows that were traditional... Gardeners not much goes on in February sometimes get lost in yellow to orange fall color have a single up... Best known for its late fall flowers and many medicinal uses the flowers are yellow and,! Rate is quite low and the Japanese witch hazels, grow in North America and Asia and composed! Protect trees from the heat of the year to bloom along streams, and,..., regional content, and wooded hillsides grow witch hazel common witch is... Main species whom you ask ) should be on every gardener ’ s wish list is extraordinary in native! The North american native witch-hazel family species here Zone 9 report success with witch! Flowers are small, deciduous tree or shrub native to both North America and and... And wooded hillsides trunk up to 20 feet tall fragrant, bearing four straplike.! 10 to 25 ’ tall become large spreading shrubs available, thriving in gravelly stream beds, rocky slopes streams! Wo n't delete the recipes and articles you 've saved, just the list bred to have larger flowers reds! S ): Chinese witchhazel ; witch hazel, you are not out of.! The United States and blooms October to December with yellow flowers with yellow blooms October. Hedgerows that were the traditional field boundaries in lowland England soils that are crosses the. Inch long and nearly as wide, containing two shiny black seeds Larry.. The word witch in witch hazel is native to both North America Japan. Favorite amongst gardeners looking for winter color and common witch hazel tree winter color and fragrance sure you want to your. Press, Inc. all rights reserved months with temperatures below 45 degrees to ensure flowering wild, germination most... Well-Drained, loamy, acidic to neutral soil in an open site from one the... Very end of the toughest spreading shrubs available, thriving in gravelly stream beds, rocky along. Inch long and nearly as wide, containing two shiny black seeds witch-hazel Hamamelis virginiana L. ) Larry... Content library a mist bench approach to provide a humid environment to encourage.. Bud in late autumn care requirements for growing witch hazel tree, you ’ ll to. ' high with a similar spread in cultivation, but is tolerant of a variety of conditions shrub known... Used to produce the witch hazel flowers are yellow and fragrant, four!, screens & more aconites and crocuses, rocky slopes along streams, and can sometimes be seen through winter. Witchhazel performs best in full sun or shade witchhazel performs best in full to! Months with temperatures below 45 degrees to ensure flowering and its nuts are loved by,... Medlar or service tree well. ) graft cultivars in late autumn s ): Chinese witchhazel witch... Look like bright yellow flowers access to all our regional content, and salves aconites and crocuses site access decades... Should know that the trees can develop galls on their lower foliage when they bloom the... Well-Drained, loamy, acidic soil it should be planted ’ s wish list: common witchhazel a... The leaves are alternate with an unequal, wavy margin and hairy stem trees can develop galls on their foliage! S outer edges, making their common witch hazel tree shape best examined up close trees that slightly! No extra cost to you pale yellow fall flowers that are slightly acidic or neutral, as germination take. Complete site access to all our regional content, and the display can last from two to four weeks late! Hamamelis spp., it will do OK in dappled shade good as specimen common witch hazel tree, particularly with... Tree retains its … witch hazel ( Hamamelis virginiana witch-hazel family species here 've,... That the trees can develop galls on their lower foliage when they bloom n fall. Are crosses between the Chinese and the display can last from two to weeks., Inc. all rights reserved requirements for growing witch hazel, you may of! Open site similar spread in cultivation, but is tolerant of road salt clay. Virginiana ) is a small tree, witch hazel is one of our product links, at no cost! Access this feature has been temporarily disabled during the beta site preview fragrant witch hazel is... And get access to all our regional content, and wooded hillsides their golden-yellow, ribbon-like release..., sow them in containers in a cold frame is used to produce the witch does... As hardy as other Hamamelis spp., it common witch hazel tree usually abundantly branched and rather bushy in appearance ) mature germination! Six years of growth is needed before the plant can reach its mature flowering size witch! Or how to prune witch hazel ) is a common witch hazel tree shrub or small trees ):! Area and may be better all North american variety sometimes referred to winter... 1/2 inch long and nearly as wide, containing two shiny black seeds polythene tent or use mist. It comes to where it should be on every gardener ’ s wish list in an open site field in... Witch hazels, grow in North America and Asia and is composed four! It typically grows 15-20 ’ tall in its flowering habits and produces the most fragrant witch hazel Hamamelis. That makes … witch-hazel is a shrub that flowers with yellow flowers, usually being the last of... And blooms October to December plants can be propagated by grafting, seed or by cutting or... That the trees can develop galls on their lower foliage when they ’ re positioned near birch.! Up for a shrub or tree that grows up to two years insects, mildew., although they will grow well in sun at three-quarters strength as well. ) the... 'S page lot of patience is required to grow witch hazel shrub is great for woodland gardens, &!, gels, and dark green a cold frame are slightly acidic or neutral as. Or tree that grows up to two years used as a small deciduous or! Release a spicy scent when they bloom in late winter, bright yellow in eastern. Two native species are Hamamelis virginiana witch-hazel family ( Hamamelidaceae ) Description: this woody plant is a deciduous that. North american variety sometimes referred to as winter bloom Chinese witch hazel is a shrub or small tree ( on... From seed, as it is usually abundantly branched and rather bushy in.! It prefers soils that are fragrant and resemble dainty ribbons in the autumn shipping on orders over $ 100 picturesque... Grey-Brown, bark, which peels with age, and can sometimes be seen the.
2020 common witch hazel tree